Artificial Intelligence vs Intelligence | What is AI?

In this article, we are going to see what is Artificial Intelligence? And What is Use for? In your daily life as well as today’s technological world.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch or sub-section of computer science used to develop an intelligent system or perform a simulation of an intelligent system in computers.

How we can define intelligence in normal words? And what are the important components, types, and applications of AI? To answer these in simple words we need to learn artificial intelligence.

So As an overview of this Article, we will learn first what is intelligence, and the characteristics of Intelligent agents, and the crucial qualities.

Then we see Artificial Intelligence, the application of AI in today’s world, and some ways to understand what AI and machine learning are, as well as how they work together to bring your product or service into the future.

What is Intelligence?

In order to understand artificial intelligence, we first need to define intelligence. So, what is intelligence? What makes a person, an animal, or an organism intelligent?

Intelligence is difficult to define; however, various fields of study have proposed numerous definitions over the years.

Unfortunately, most of these definitions are often unclear, imprecise, untestable, and biased in a human‑centric way.

So, let’s take a step back and start with a few examples of intelligence that we can all hopefully agree upon.

Examples of Intelligence

1. Human intelligence, like a person solving a complex math problem to pass a math exam;
2. Animal intelligence, like a mouse remembering a path through a maze to eat a piece of cheese. 
3. Collective intelligence, like a colony of sheep or animals coordinating survival and saving each other from attacks. In each of these cases, there's some form of intelligence at work.
Source: Wikipedia

What is commen in all Intelligence?

They are all three very different kinds of intelligence; however, they all definitely share a few things in common and You need to know what is common in that?.

First, they all involve an agent of some kind, for example, a human, a mouse or an army of ants.
Second, they all involve an environment of some kind, for example, a math exam, a maze or an ant colony.
Third, they all involve a goal of some kind. For the human it's to pass the math exam, for the mouse it's to eat the cheese, and for the ants it's to protect the colony.
Fourth, they all involve an agent perceiving its environment. The human reads the math question, the mouse sees the walls of the maze, and the ants smell the scent of the invading insect.
Fifth, they all involve the agent taking an action. The human solves the math problem, the mouse navigates the maze, and the ants attack the invading insect.

In all of these cases, we have an agent in an environment that is perceiving the environment and choosing actions that it expects will lead to a goal.

Summary of Intelligence

Given these examples, a simple general definition of intelligence might look something like this. Intelligence is the ability of an agent to perceive its environment and to choose actions that increase its chances of achieving a goal of some kind. But, there’s a lot of complexity hiding in this simple definition.

It doesn’t discuss several of the key components of intelligence, like learning, knowledge, reasoning, and planning. We’ll get to these other components of intelligence shortly, but first, we need to learn about artificial intelligence.

How do we define artificial intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is the second intelligent system that is derived from natural intelligence like humans or animals and natural intelligence and AI, these are the two main types of intelligence.

Natural intelligence is the type of intelligence that living organisms are born with and acquire over their lives.

This includes organic intelligence, like that of humans, animals, insects, and even bacteria. It also includes collective intelligence, like a school of fish, a swarm of bees, or a colony of ants.

AI is a type of intelligence system or algorithm that is designed using machines, tools, or programming with artificial processes without any natural cause.

artificial intelligence Vs natural intelligence

AI is the ability of a machine to replicate natural intelligence and This includes replicating human‑like intelligence, other organic intelligence, or collective intelligence.

Similarly, if a machine is capable of recreating the same decisions and actions that a natural intelligence would produce, then it is a type of AI.

More precisely, AI is the ability of a machine to perceive an environment and to choose actions that maximize the expected likelihood of achieving a goal.

We refer to this as the rational agent approach to defining AI. But, this is a lot to digest at once, so let’s break things down to make things easier to understand.

In artificial intelligence, an agent is a machine of some kind. This includes software running on a computer, a robot, or any other kind of man‑made artifact.

Artificial Intelligence is Use for this Purpose

By environment, we could mean the physical world, as is the case with robots and self‑driving cars; however, it could also mean virtual worlds like video games, a computer simulation, or a set of data.

By actions, we mean physical actions like moving, grasping, and speaking, or virtual actions like producing data as an output or making a decision or prediction of some kind.

By expected likelihood, we mean the statistical probability of success that an agent associates with a given action.

AI agents maximize their chances of success mathematically using software rather than organic brains. And by a goal, we mean any objective that the agent was designed to achieve.

This could include physical goals like cleaning your living room floor and driving you safely to work. Or, it could include virtual goals like winning a video game or solving a complex math problem.

This rational agent view of artificial intelligence is what most AI researchers, practitioners, and academics use as their guide to defining AI.

However, the general public tends to have a quite different definition of AI than the experts.

Artificial intelligence Vs Machine learning

Artificial intelligence is a field of study dedicated to the creation of intelligent machines and AI is sometimes referred to as machine intelligence.

AI software may be used to compile data and produce information that has useful business applications.

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence that focuses on systems that create and refine their own knowledge.

It is important to learn how to deal with the creation of ML algorithms because ML algorithms are used in AI to work, learn and improve their experiences automatically without being explicitly programmed again and again.

Artificial intelligence Vs computer science

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to software that is designed to learn, think, and act in an intelligent manner.

The AI process typically begins with a programmer or engineering team deciding what the AI should be able to do.

Once this is established, the computer scientists will write instructions for the AI in order for it to learn on its own.

Compared with machine learning, AI has some clear advantages. One of these is the ability of an AI agent to use human-like reasoning when interacting with objects or humans.

Machine learning on the other hand can be more robust than AI because of its ability to automatically adapt based on new data that enters into its system.

Artificial intelligence for Future

AI is the way of life for us humans in this digital era. It has become an important part of our lives thanks to its capability to make our work daily routine more manageable and easier.

It is also the future of business and Machine learning, on the other hand, is a type of artificial intelligence that takes it even further by learning from data based on patterns.

The two are both important for our future generations but they serve different purposes. Here, are some basics about AI and machine learning that you need to know.

Conclusion

In short, when most people say artificial intelligence, what they mean is anything that a human can do, but a machine cannot yet do.

As a result, the general public’s definition of artificial intelligence and what they classify as AI is constantly changing.

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